Within its small
geographical area , Tripura offers plenty of attractions for the
tourists in the form of magnificent palaces ( Ujjayanta Palace and
Kunjaban Palace at Agartala and Neermahal - Lake Palace at Melaghar ),
splendid rock-cut carvings and stone images ( Unakoti near Kailashahar,
Debtamura near Amarpur and Pilak in Belonia Sub-divisions ), important
temples of Hindus and Buddhists including the famous Mata Tripureswari
temple ( one of the 51 Pithasthans as per Hindu mythology ) at
Udaipur, vast natural as well as artificial lakes namely Dumboor lake
in Gandacherra subdivision, Rudrasagar at Melaghar, Amarsagar,
Jagannath Dighi, Kalyan Sagar, etc. at Udaipur, the beautiful hill
station of Jampui hill bordering Mizoram, wild life sanctuaries at
Sepahijala, Gumti, Rowa and Trishna and rich cultural heritage of
Tribals, Bengalis and Manipuri communities residing in the state.
Tripura finds mention in the Mahabharata, the Puranas and pillar
inscriptions of Emperor Ashoka. Tripura was a princely state before
its merger with the Indian Union. The Tripuri Kings (Habugra) held the
title of Manikya and ruled Tripura for 3000 years until its merger.
Udaipur, in South Tripura district, was the capital of the Kingdom.
The capital was shifted to Old Agartala by King Krishna Manikya in the
eighteenth century, and then to the present Agartala in the 19th
Century. The 19th century marked the beginning of Tripura's modern
era, when King Bir Chandra Manikya Bahadur Debbarma modeled his
administration on the pattern of British India and enacted various
The Ganamukti Parishad movement led to the integration of the
kingdom with India in 1949. Tripura was heavily affected by the
partition of India and the majority of the population now comprises
Hindu Bengalis, many of whom came as refugees from East Pakistan after
independence in 1947. Tripura became a centrally administered Union
Territory on July 1, 1963 and attained the status of a full-fledged
state on January 21, 1972.
Armed conflict in Tripura has been a problem since the end of the
1970s as an aftermath of 1971 Indo-Pak war. Mass migration of Bengalis
from Bangladesh during this time has resulted in wide-spread
insurgency and militancy in the state with groups such as the Tripura
National Volunteers, the National Liberation Front of Tripura and the
All Tripura Tiger Force aiming to drive away the Bengali people.